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Architectural Heritage of India

Monuments of India

India has several beautiful and splendid monuments in the world. These monuments owe their execution and creation to the imagination of men who dared to extend their ideas to the farthest limits of human thought. As kings and emperors, they were able to translate their ideas into bricks, mortar, marble and stone. These monuments range through a span of centuries and the major philosophies of the world.
Monuments of India
The temple is situated on the northeastern corner of Puri. The name Konark is derived from the words Kona meaning corner and Arka meaning sun. Konark is also known as Arkakshetra. The temple was built in 1278 AD by the Ganga king Narasimha Deva. The ruins of this temple were excavated in late 19th century AD. The Sun temple at Konark is widely known not only for its architectural grandeur but also for the intricacy and profusion of sculptural work. It is listed in the UNESCO World heritage Site.

Khajuraho was the capital city of the Chandelas. There were 85 temples constructed by the Chandelas between AD 950 and 1050 out of which only 25 have survived. The earliest temples of Khajuraho were built in coarse granite. However, the temples dating back to later period are mostly built in fine-grained buff, pink and pale yellow sandstone, quarried from neighboring areas. The temples mark the culmination of the northern Indian or Nagara style of temple architecture. The Khajuraho Group of Temples Comes under the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

The monuments of Mamallapuram are excellent specimen of Dravidian temple architecture and Pallava art. The Shore temple at Mamallapuram was built during the reign of Rajasimha in the 7th century AD. The temple is perched on a rocky outcrop and presides over the shoreline. It was designed to catch the first rays of the rising sun and to illuminate the waters after dark. Thus the temple has an unusual layout.

The Qutub Minar was started in 1199 AD by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak and completed by the sultan's successor and son-in-law, Iltutmish. The building is 72.5 m high and has 379 steps from the bottom to the top. It is made of red and b Qutub-ud-Din Aibak buff sandstone. All the storeys are surrounded by a projected balcony encircling the Minar and supported by stone brackets, which are decorated with honeycomb design, more conspicuously in the first storey. The Qutub Minar is decorated with floral motif and arabesque.

Shahjahan constructed the Taj Mahal for his favorite wife Arjumand Begum, popularly known as Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal was constructed over a period of twenty-two years, employing twenty thousand workers. It was completed in 1648 AD at a cost of 32 Million Rupees. Ustad Isa Khan was the chief architect of the building. The Taj Mahal represents the Zenith of Mughal architecture. It is listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of India.

Fort St. George marks the beginning of development of Madras (Chennai) as a modern city. It looks more like a complex of the well-maintained colonial mansions then a fort. It houses a place where Lord Clive used to live. Fort St. George houses the tallest towering flagstaff in India. The building had been constructed in a typical English style of architecture of the 17th and 18th century AD. It has beautiful stained glasses, church benches made of teak, ornate marble walls, frescoes and plaques. A moat was built around the fort to keep the locals at a distance. It once housed the British regiment mess and later the lighthouse.

India Gate is located in Rajpath and was the first gate to be constructed in the New Delhi. It was built as a War Memorial to commemorate the death of 90,000 India soldiers, who were killed in the North West Province during the First World War and the Afghan Fiasco of 1919. The Duke of Connaught laid the foundation of this Memorial on 10th February 1921. The India Gate was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and was completed in 1931. The gate is built of sandstone rising to a height of 160 ft. the height of the arch is 136' externally and 87'6" internally.



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